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Published January 6, 2024

Health Leadership and Quality of Life

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Editorial Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología

Title:

Health Leadership and Quality of Life

ISSN-L: 3008-8488

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Introduction: Drug is any chemical substance capable of interacting with a living organism and, from the medical point of view, used for the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases.
Objective: To characterize the consumption of toxic substances in adolescents of the "Arístides Viera González" Preuniversity Institute.
Methods: A descriptive-transversal observational study was carried out. The universe consisted of 187 students belonging to the "Arístides Viera González" Preuniversity Institute, in the period January-December 2021.
Results: Female sex predominated (55.08%), being 16 years old the most frequent age (42.9%). In terms of toxic habits, consumers of other toxic substances such as cola predominate (53.47%). 64.17% of students refer that at school they are educated about the damage caused by toxic habits and 42.78% of students agree that the family constantly talks to them about the benefits of leading a healthy life and that if there can be fun without toxic habits.
Conclusions: One of the major public health problems is the consumption of toxic substances. There was a predominance of female students and of students who consume other toxic substances such as cola. Most of the students state that they are educated at school about the harm caused by toxic substances and that the family exerts great influence on them to lead a healthy life. There is a predominance of students who believe that there can be no fun without substances.

Introduction: Higher Education institutions seek to achieve institutional quality and influence student satisfaction. This is a feature that deserves an analysis that brings it closer to the particularities of the training of health students. Well, although it is a frequent topic under discussion, university demands increase.
Objective: Analyze current theoretical conceptions about student satisfaction and institutional quality of life in Higher Health Education.
Method: Integrative review for a critical and reflective analysis of contents of documents published between 2017-2023 with a methodology and theoretical reference. Keywords identified in DeCS and MeHS and Boolean operators were used: “higher education policy AND “health education” AND “universities” AND “medical education” AND “health students”, AND “accreditation”. The search strategy was carried out in the Índex, SciELO, Redalyc, Dialnet databases. The flow chart (PRISMA) was used to formulate the search strategy, 102 articles were identified and reviewed, of which 11 were useful regarding the evolution of the category. The following inclusion criteria were considered: original or review studies, available in full text, that declared the methodology applied, published in English and Spanish.
Conclusions: The conceptions of student satisfaction and institutional quality in Higher Health Education reveal the starting point for research. They show the complexity of the categories, which prevents delving into each independent one, and proportional relationships. Operational definitions are offered that contain the relationships.

Introduction: Introduction: Much is said about doctor-patient communication and its importance, but when is it really effective? For doctor-patient communication to be effective, it must involve not only a biomedical vision, that is, real medical knowledge, but much more than that, it requires a multidimensional vision, in an individualized and humanized way. From this perspective and taking into account the complexity that this represents, it is particularly important to analyze the elements that intervene in the medical consultation, as well as the impact they will have on the patients' history and adherence to treatment. The doctor-patient relationship represents a fundamental aspect in the process of health care, disease treatment and health recovery, deserving special interest in establishing effects, such as adherence to treatments and therapies, aimed at restoring health. Through this established link, it is possible to achieve a better anamnesis, establishing appropriate and humanized conduct, which favors an effective diagnosis. However, the patient's cooperation is necessary, communicating and expressing what they feel. Effective communication between doctor and patient will lead to positive and satisfactory results for both parties.
Material and methods: an exhaustive electronic search of the relevant literature about the factors involved in good doctor-patient communication was carried out through medical databases as well as in reference search engines such as Pubmed, Cochrane, mesh broweser, Google Scholar, scielo, bireme. For this purpose, the following keywords and MeSH terms were used: doctor patient relationship” “effective communication” “medical education”, “communication barriers”, “clinical skills” “empathy”. Randomized clinical trials, systematic reviews and metaanalyses were identified without considering publication status, reported results, last ten years of publication and with language restriction to English, Spanish and Portuguese.
Results: 12 systematic review and meta-analysis works that were published between 2015 - 2022 were included, which complied with the established inclusion criteria.
Conclusion: effective communication between doctors and patients plays a crucial role in promoting successful treatment and improving patient adherence. Furthermore, implementing communication training programs during medical school can help prepare future doctors to interact more effectively with patients.

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